Spearfishing is an ancient method of fishing that’s practiced all throughout the world. At present, it’s one of the most sought-after and sustainable methods for obtaining healthy and fresh seafood since it does not require weapons or dangerous instruments that can cause pollution to the water. And, the best part is that it can be quite a bit of enjoyment!
Before you dive or hunt for a sizeable snapper or bass, you’ll need to make sure that you have everything you require to catch. It might be helpful to talk with other professionals for recommended equipment that you can use for your specific spot, as the gear you’ll require in the Caribbean is not suitable for the spearfishing areas of New Zealand or San Diego.
But to give you an idea of what’s required, here are the basic items and equipment that you’ll need to have a safe and enjoyable spearfishing experience.
Basic Spearfishing Gear
Every professional spearfisher or “spearo” would know that having the right spearfishing gear is vital for your safety and your success. Below is the most essential equipment for spearfishing that could be required for your first foray into spearfishing, as well as suggestions for brands and a spearfishing store that is widely used and highly suggested for other spearos.
Although technically not part of the fishing equipment you own You may have to get a valid sports fishing license prior to hitting the water with your fishing equipment. In many states, you could be punished for fishing with no license, and even be sent to prison for hunting (and killing) endangered species.
It is a good idea to be able to contact your local authorities, lifeguards, fishermen supply and dive shops, as well as other knowledgeable spearos prior to doing anything.
Weapon of Choice
Now on to your primary tool for spearfishing: Hawaiian slings, pole spears, or a speargun. Hawaiian slings and pole spears will require very within the reach of the animal. However, the difference is that the sling’s band is likely to remain in your hand while the pole spear can leave your hands completely when you apply it to spearing a fish. As for the speargun, they vary depending on the construction–some are manually launched using a band or sling, and others are air or gas-powered (pneumatic).
If you choose to opt for a speargun you’ll have to think about the visibility of the water and your size for the type of fish that you will be hunting before choosing which one to purchase. Low-visibility areas would require you to move in closer, which makes shorter spearguns more suitable. If you’re not hunting for a larger fish you’ll not necessarily require thick shafts or an air-driven speargun. In the majority of cases, where you may only need a mid-sized, multiple-band speargun with an extended reach it is possible to do so by using roller guns.
Spearfishing Wetsuits and Rash Guards
One of the primary items you’ll need before spearfishing–or diving for that matter is the wetsuit. There are many kinds and types of wetsuits to choose from, based on the temperature of the water and the underwater activity.
If you’re going to spearfish, it’s best to take into consideration the suit’s thickness, especially when diving in warmer conditions. It’s generally recommended to go for one that’s no thicker than 1.5mm for spearfishing unless you’re planning to do deeper dives in colder water. If you’re not planning to be performing deep dives or staying on the water for lengthy durations of time, then you may be able to do so by wearing a rash guard.